How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient?

make my home energy efficient

Making your home more energy-efficient is a proactive step towards reducing your utility bills while contributing to a healthier environment. You have the power to dramatically decrease energy consumption and the associated costs by implementing smart changes to your home. Simple alterations, such as optimizing your heating and cooling systems and adopting energy-efficient lighting, can lead to considerable savings over time.

Consider the impact of your home’s insulation and how sealing leaks can prevent energy waste. The way you manage and consume electricity plays a pivotal role in your home’s energy efficiency. Smart energy habits, paired with efficient appliances and systems, can result in a home that not only conserves energy but also enhances your living comfort.

Energy efficiency is also about taking advantage of natural resources in a sustainable manner. Strategic landscaping, such as planting deciduous trees to offer shade during hot months, helps in minimizing reliance on artificial cooling. Embracing natural light, while considering window upgrades with low-emissivity coatings, supports a reduction in heating and lighting needs. These steps, among others, translate into a more energy-efficient home that aligns with your values of conservation and economy.

Energy Assessment and Audits

Conducting a Home Energy Assessment or audit is a vital first step in making your home more energy-efficient. This process will help to identify where your home is losing energy and which improvements could save you the most money.

Steps for a Basic Energy Assessment:

  1. Review of Utility Bills: Begin by examining your past utility bills. Look for patterns or seasons when energy use spikes to target specific areas for improvement.
  2. Visual Inspection: Perform a walkthrough of your home, inside and out. Pay close attention to windows, doors, and other openings. Look for visible signs of leaks or drafts.
  3. Thermal Imaging: If available, use thermal imaging technology to identify less obvious areas of energy loss.
  4. Depressurization Test: This test can reveal the location of air leaks by changing the air pressure inside your house and observing how outside air flows in to equalize the pressure.

When considering a professional audit, factors such as the size and complexity of your home, as well as local rates..

Benefits of Professional Assessments:

  • Comprehensive Analysis: A professional can provide a thorough assessment using advanced tools like blower doors and infrared cameras.
  • Customized Solutions: Receive detailed recommendations tailored to your home’s unique needs.
  • Return on Investment: Prioritize fixes that offer the best payback in terms of energy saved.

Remember to take action on the insights gained from your energy assessment; it’s not just about what you uncover, but also what you do with that information.

Book your home energy audit with us today!

Insulation and Air Sealing

Proper insulation and air sealing are essential to enhance your home’s energy efficiency. By addressing these areas, you can significantly reduce heat loss, lower your energy bills, and improve overall comfort.

Attic Insulation

Your attic is a key player in your home’s thermal performance. Ensure you have a thick layer of insulation, ideally with an R-value suitable for your climate—an R-value indicates an insulation material’s resistance to heat flow. High R-value materials are more effective at insulating your home.

  • Recommended Thickness:
    • Cold Climates: Aim for R-49 to R-60.
    • Moderate Climates: R-38 to R-49.
    • Warm Climates: R-30 to R-38.

Wall Insulation

Insulation in your walls prevents heat exchange between your home’s interior and the outdoors.

  • Types of Wall Insulation:
    • Blanket Batts and Rolls: Made of fiberglass or mineral wool, suitable for new construction.
    • Blown-In/Loose-Fill: Ideal for existing walls without significant structural changes.
    • Spray Foam: Provides an airtight seal and high R-values but is more costly.

Inspect for any insulation gaps and ensure that it’s evenly distributed without compression, as compressed insulation loses its effectiveness.


Detect and seal cracks and openings in your home to prevent air leaks, a major source of energy loss. Typical areas that require attention include windows, doors, and where utility lines enter the home.

Sealing Techniques:

  • Windows/Doors: Use weatherstripping or caulk to seal gaps.
  • Outlets/Switches: Install foam gaskets behind face plates.
  • Floors/Walls: Use sealant or expanding foam for larger gaps.

Regular maintenance and checks can help ensure that your draught-proofing measures remain effective over time.

Heating and Cooling Systems

Making your home energy-efficient hinges largely on optimizing your heating and cooling systems. These systems are key to maintaining comfort while minimizing energy use.

Efficient Heating Technology

Your heating system plays a pivotal role in your home’s energy consumption. Upgrading to a high-efficiency system like a heat pump can be beneficial, particularly as some models can serve dual purposes, both heating and cooling your home. For colder climates, however, it is important to consider a heat pump’s efficiency drop in extreme cold. In such cases, pairing the heat pump with a furnace can create a dual heating system that optimizes energy use across different temperatures.

Thermostat Management

Utilizing a programmable thermostat allows you to tailor your heating and cooling schedule to fit your lifestyle, which can significantly reduce wasted energy. For example, you can set the thermostat to lower temperatures when you’re not at home or during the night. It’s estimated that you can save around 10% a year on heating and cooling by simply turning your thermostat back 7°-10°F for 8 hours a day from its normal setting.

Cooling System Upgrades

When it comes to cooling, an ENERGY STAR certified air conditioner is key for efficiency. Efficient cooling systems often feature higher Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratios (SEER) and use about 8% less energy than new standard models. Also, the maintenance of your cooling system, including regular filter changes and duct sealing, can improve system performance, sometimes enhancing efficiency by as much as 20%.

Water Heating

Making your home energy-efficient can lead to significant savings, particularly when it comes to water heating, which can account for about 18% of your home’s energy use. There are effective strategies to reduce this expense, such as upgrading to tankless water heaters, ensuring proper insulation, and minimizing hot water usage.

Tankless Water Heaters

Tankless water heaters, also known as on-demand water heaters, heat water directly without the use of a storage tank. When you turn on the hot water tap, cold water travels through a pipe into the unit where it is heated by either a gas burner or an electric element. This means you’re not paying to heat and reheat water in a tank.

  • Pros:
    • Provides hot water on demand and eliminates standby energy losses associated with storage water heaters.
    • Can be more energy-efficient, especially for homes that use less than 41 gallons of hot water daily.
  • Cons:
    • Higher initial purchase and installation costs compared to traditional storage water heaters.
    • May require larger gas lines or additional electric circuits that add to initial expenses.

Water Heater Insulation

Insulating your water heater and the first six feet of hot and cold water pipes can reduce heat loss, lowering your energy costs. This simple adjustment keeps the water warmer for longer periods, thus reducing the frequency and intensity of heat cycles.

  • Insulation types:
    • For tanks: Insulation blankets or jackets with at least an R-value of 8.
    • For pipes: Foam tubing or fiberglass wraps.

Hot Water Usage Reduction

You can significantly reduce hot water use by adopting certain habits and investing in efficient fixtures.

  • Fixtures:
    • Aerating faucets and low-flow showerheads: These can cut down your water usage without a noticeable difference in flow.
  • Habits:
    • Fix leaks promptly: A single drip per second can waste over 1,600 gallons per year.
    • Limit shower time: Shorter showers can save a substantial amount of hot water.
  • Appliance choices:
    • ENERGY STAR-rated appliances: Look for ones that use less water and energy, such as efficient dishwashers and washing machines.

By addressing each aspect of your water heating system, you can enhance efficiency and enjoy the cost benefits.

Windows and Doors

Choosing energy-efficient windows and doors is a significant step in reducing your home’s energy use. Your window and door choices affect both the aesthetics and the insulation performance of your home.

Energy-Efficient Windows

Energy-efficient windows play a critical role in minimizing your heating and cooling costs by limiting heat transfer. Here’s how you can identify them:

  • U-Factor: Look for a low U-factor, which measures the window’s insulation ability. The lower the U-factor, the better the window insulates.
  • Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC): This measures how much heat from the sun is blocked. Windows with a low SHGC are more effective at reducing heat gain during summer.

When shopping for new windows, seek out products with an Energy Star label, which signifies efficiency standards set by the Department of Energy.

Door Sealing

A well-sealed door is crucial in preventing energy loss from air leaks. Here are key points to ensure proper door sealing:

  • Weatherstripping: Apply weatherstripping around the door frame to seal gaps. Check for wear annually and replace as needed.
  • Thresholds: Adjust door thresholds to eliminate gaps at the bottom of the door. If light can be seen under the door, adjust the threshold until snug.

Inspect seals regularly for damage and air leaks to maintain door performance over time.

Window Treatments

Window treatments offer additional insulation and can reduce energy loss:

  • Curtains: Use heavy or layered curtains to provide a barrier against heat loss during winter and heat gain during summer.
  • Blinds: Install blinds to reflect heat and control the amount of light and heat entering through the windows.

Incorporate window treatments as part of your energy efficiency strategy for year-round benefits. Remember to open treatments on sunny winter days to take advantage of natural heat and close them on hot summer days to keep your home cooler.

Lighting Solutions

Making your home more energy-efficient can significantly reduce your electricity bills and environmental footprint. A focus on lighting solutions is one of the most straightforward and impactful ways to achieve this.

LED Bulbs

LED bulbs are a leading choice for energy-efficient lighting. They use at least 75% less energy than incandescent lighting and last up to 25 times longer. When shopping for LED bulbs, look for the lumen rating:

  • 1100 lumens: Equivalent to a 75-watt incandescent bulb
  • 1600 lumens: Equivalent to a 100-watt incandescent bulb

It’s crucial to select an LED with the proper lumen output for your needs.


Daylighting is the practice of using natural light to illuminate your home. You can enhance daylight in your home by:

  • Keeping windows and doors open during daylight to minimize the need for artificial lighting.
  • Using light colors for your walls and ceilings to reflect natural light deeper into the rooms.

Smart Lighting Controls

Integrate smart lighting controls to further enhance efficiency:

  • Dimmers: Allow you to reduce lighting levels when full brightness isn’t necessary, saving energy.
  • Motion sensors: Automatically turn off lights in unoccupied rooms.
  • Timers and smart home systems: Enable you to schedule lighting only when needed, avoiding unnecessary use.

Smart lighting solutions give you control over your lighting and help conserve electricity by reducing wasteful usage.

Appliances and Electronics

Selecting the right appliances and using them wisely can lead to significant energy savings in your home.

Energy Star Rated Appliances

Look for Energy Star ratings when purchasing new appliances. This indicates that an appliance meets or exceeds energy efficiency guidelines set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. For example:

  • Refrigerators: Energy Star models can be 9-10% more energy efficient than models that meet the federal minimum energy efficiency standard.
  • Dishwashers: An Energy Star certified dishwasher can save an average of 3,870 gallons of water over its lifetime.

Usage Behavior

Your habits play a crucial role in energy consumption. Here’s what you can do:

  • Refrigerators: Keep them full to maintain temperature more effectively, but avoid overcrowding.
  • Dishwashers: Run full loads and use the air-dry option instead of the heat-dry setting.

Advanced Power Strips

Conserve energy with advanced power strips (APS) which cut power to devices when they are not in use.

  • Automatic Switching: Some APS automatically turn off power to plugged-in devices when they enter standby mode.
  • Scheduled Timing: Other models allow you to set schedules for powering connected devices, offering both convenience and energy savings.

Solar Energy

Investing in solar energy can significantly reduce your electricity bills and increase your home’s value. Harnessing the sun’s power through various technologies not only offers economic benefits but also contributes to a sustainable future.

Solar Panel Installation

To maximize the efficiency of your solar panels, they need to be installed in a location with ample sunlight and minimal shade. The orientation and tilt of the panels are also crucial factors. For instance, in the northern hemisphere, solar panels are most effective when facing south.

  • Orientation: South-facing (in the northern hemisphere)
  • Tilt: Equal to the latitude of the location

Solar Water Heaters

Solar water heaters can provide a cost-effective way to generate hot water for your home. They can be used in any climate, and the fuel they use—sunlight—is free.

  • Types of Solar Water Heating Systems
    • Active: Circulate water or a heat-transfer fluid through the system
    • Passive: Rely on gravity and the tendency for water to naturally circulate as it is heated

Government Incentives

You may be eligible for federal, state, or local government incentives to offset the cost of solar energy systems.

  • Incentives can include
    • Tax credits: Reduce the amount of income tax you owe.
    • Rebates: Cash back after the purchase of solar equipment.
    • Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs): Generate income from the electricity your solar panels produce.

Landscaping and Exterior

Your home’s energy efficiency can be significantly improved through strategic landscaping and the use of appropriate exterior materials. Carefully positioned trees and the application of green roofing can offer temperature modulation, while reflective materials mitigate heat absorption.

Shade Trees

Planting shade trees can lead to substantial energy savings. When you plant deciduous trees on the south and west sides of your home, they provide cooling shade in the summer and, when they lose their leaves, allow warming sunlight in the winter. The ideal distance for planting a tree from your house is about 15 to 20 feet. Opt for species that grow quickly and have dense foliage.

Green Roofs

Green roofs are covered with plants and vegetation, bringing several benefits to your energy consumption. By implementing a green roof, you can improve your home’s insulation, significantly reducing your heating and cooling needs. This setup is more suitable for flat or slightly sloping roofs. It’s important to ensure that your roof structure can support the additional weight.

Reflective Materials

Your choice in roofing and siding materials can affect your home’s ability to reflect sunlight. Reflective roof coatings, lighter paint colors, and special siding materials can effectively decrease the amount of heat your home absorbs. Particularly, roofs with high solar reflectance and high thermal emittance stay up to 50-60°F cooler in the sun, which leads to less heat transferred indoors.

Staying on top of energy efficiency can save you money and help save the planet. You’re here, you just need to take action!


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